A Brief History of Television: Part 2

Lesson Details

Subject: Business

Title: A Brief History of Television: Part 2


The Arrival of Cable


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In the 1980s a new piece of technology came along called cable.  And cable originally was designed simply for houses that couldn't get these through the air signals, because there was a mountain in the way, or it was too far away, so some enterprising people put up antenna on top of a mountain ran a cable down to that antenna into people's homes was called CATV community access television. But they suddenly realized that cable to carry more than just the three networks the cable carry 30 channels and then 50 and then 70 and suddenly this was a way to get more channels into more homes and pretty soon everybody, in the United States for the most part and the world, was cabled, andn the idea of pushing signals through the air whet away. That and can easy on top of the Empire State building that was originally a television transmission antenna for New York today everything comes through cable.

Well cable, if you look on this chart, cable took us from three networks to 500 or thousand, or whatever it was, and of course as the number of networks went up number channels went up from three to 500 to 1,000, the average viewership per channel began to collapse, because they were still 100 million households more or less in the United States — it hasn’t change that much in 40 years — but now instead of being divided by three networks it was divided by 500 channels: Discovery, TLC, National Geographic everybody had a channel, or 1000 channels or 2000 channels. The more channels you got on the more the audience got factionalized the smaller the audience got.  As the audience got smaller each network of charge advertisers less and less because now instead of being in 100 million homes or 30 million homes you are in 20,000 homes or 30,000 that which is actually daytime for a lot of cable channels you can charge people a lot of money for putting an ad that's only seen by 20,000 households so as a result it's a funny dichotomy we see this number go up which is demand for K for content this number explodes astronomically.

In 1973 the total demand for television production in the entire United States was 64,000 hours in a year, in a year that's pretty shocking I mean it's next to nothing, and that content could pretty much be covered by the three networks that produce all her own stuff internally. So if you want a job in the television or video business the 1970s you went to work for a network of local television operation was there was nobody else and they produced mostly their own stuff without some deal with Hollywood studios or few independent production companies.

By the 1990s and cable really takes off we've gone from demand of 64,000 hours a year to four and a half million hours a year, that's a huge jump, and 4 and a half million hours of content, because you had to fill all those cable channels there is no point in only a cable channel if you dont put something on it, so every cable channel had to be filled that was new content a new programming all the time.  Well the demand for content went from 64,000 hours to 4 and a half-million hours at the same time the viewership per channel dropped and so did the revenue per channel drop. As there are fewer viewers there was less money per hour there was less money per hour would be made from advertising it was less my to spend on the programming.

© Michael Rosenblum & Lisa Lambden 2016